Women and girls living with FGM have experienced a harmful practice. Experience of FGM increases the short and long term health risks to women and girls and is unacceptable from a human rights and health perspective. While in general there is an increased risk of adverse health outcomes with increased severity of FGM, WHO is opposed to all forms of FGM and is emphatically against the practice being carried out by health care providers medicalization.
Back to Health A to Z. Female genital mutilation FGM is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, but there's no medical reason for this to be done. It's also known as female circumcision or cutting, and by other terms, such as sunna, gudniin, halalays, tahur, megrez and khitan, among others.
If you've ever had a tooth filled without Novocaine, you know the difference anesthesia can make. Anesthesia—whether it numbs your mouth or puts you into a full sleep—is designed to keep you comfortable during a procedure that otherwise might be hard to tolerate physically, emotionally, or both. There are four basic kinds of anesthesia—local, which is typically administered to numb a small area; regional, which numbs a larger area, like your hand, arm, or foot; neuraxial spinal or epiduralwhich is injected near the spine and numbs the lower half of your body; and general, which works in the brain to render you completely unconscious and unable to sense pain.
Breast augmentation is the second most performed cosmetic surgery in Brazil, and it is related to improvement of body image, self-esteem and quality of life. Sexuality is a significant component of quality of life. The female sexual quotient questionnaire FS-Q was validated as an evaluation tool for sexuality, and it is used to evaluate the impact of many treatments for sexual health. The questionnaire entails 10 questions, which assess four domains of sexuality: sexual desire, sexual arousal, comfort and sexual satisfaction.
Anaesthesia remains a mysterious and inexact science — and thousands of patients still wake up on the operating table every year. By Kate Cole-Adams. Fri 9 Feb
This may mean that women are less sensitive than men to anesthetic drugs that promote unconsciousness and could need more anesthesia during surgery, say researchers at Duke University Medical Center, who led the study, which was conducted at Duke, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Emory University and Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. The finding may also help explain why three times more women than men have complained of being conscious during surgery, the investigators say. The research findings are published in the May issue of the journal Anesthesiology.
Fertility Blog. If you and your partner are looking for a permanent birth control method, you may be considering a vasectomy. The decision to have a vasectomy is not one that should be taken lightly.
Most research finds no major changes in bleeding patterns after female sterilization. If a woman was using a hormonal method or IUD before sterilization, her bleeding pattern will return to the way it was before she used these methods. For example, women switching from combined oral contraceptives to female sterilization may notice heavier bleeding as their monthly bleeding returns to usual patterns. Will sterilization make a woman lose her sexual desire?
Does vaginal anti-incontinence surgery affect sexual satisfaction? A comparison of TVT and Burch-colposuspension. Forty-seven patients in TVT group and 22 patients in Burch-colposuspension group were considered eligible for the study.
The re-establishment of conscious awareness after discontinuing general anesthesia has often been assumed to be the inverse of loss of consciousness. This is despite the obvious asymmetry in the initiation and termination of natural sleep. In order to characterize the restoration of consciousness after surgery, we recorded frontal electroencephalograph EEG from patients in the operating room during maintenance and emergence from general anesthesia. Unlike single-drug experiments performed in healthy volunteers, we found that surgical patients exhibited greater electroencephalographic heterogeneity while re-establishing conscious awareness after drug discontinuation.